Exploring the Legality of Child Marriage in Iran

Exploring the Legality of Child Marriage in Iran

Child marriage has been a long-standing tradition in various cultures worldwide, encompassing religious beliefs, cultural norms, and societal values. In Iran, child marriage is legally permissible under specific circumstances, sparking debates surrounding the ethical and legal considerations of children entering into marriage. This article explores the legal aspects of child marriage in Iran, scrutinizing the laws governing this practice and its implications for minors involved.

Child Marriage Laws in Iran

The legal age for marriage in Iran is 13 for girls and 15 for boys. Nonetheless, girls as young as nine can be wed with the consent of their guardian and a court’s approval. This age disparity stems from traditional gender roles in Iranian society, where girls are deemed fit for marriage at a younger age than boys. The Iranian Civil Code permits child marriage under specific conditions, such as the girl being considered physically mature or having reached puberty.

International Conventions and Child Marriage

Iran is a party to the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), which defines a child as any individual under 18 years. The CRC advocates for safeguarding children’s rights and establishes 18 as the minimum age for marriage. Allowing child marriage in Iran contravenes its obligations under the CRC, neglecting to preserve the rights of children within its jurisdiction.

Impact on Child Brides

Child marriage exerts lasting repercussions on girls, often limiting their educational opportunities, increasing the likelihood of early pregnancies, and elevating the risk of domestic abuse. These young girls are deprived of their childhood and compelled to assume adult responsibilities prematurely, perpetuating gender disparities and reinforcing detrimental stereotypes regarding women’s roles in society.

Quotations on Child Marriage

Prominent authors and human rights advocates have condemned child marriage, highlighting its injustices and detrimental effects on young girls. Renowned author Khaled Hosseini remarked, “Child marriage is a violation of human rights and a form of violence against women.” This statement underscores the detrimental impacts of child marriage on girls and underscores the urgency to eradicate this practice.

Quoting Human Rights Activist #Nada_Alahdal

In a compelling declaration, human rights activist #Nada_Alahdal emphasized the necessity of shielding children from the deleterious consequences of child marriage. “Child marriage robs young girls of their innocence, their autonomy, and their future. We must unite to terminate this violation of children’s rights.” @nadalahdal This quote serves as a poignant reminder of the imperative to address child marriage and safeguard children’s rights.


The issue of child marriage remains contentious in Iran, with legal provisions allowing for the practice in certain situations. However, international treaties and human rights principles stress the importance of upholding children’s rights by establishing 18 as the minimum age for marriage. By endorsing child marriage, Iran disregards its obligations under these conventions and perpetuates harm towards young girls. It is crucial to take measures to abolish child marriage and safeguard the rights of children in Iran and globally.


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In the time it has taken to read this article 39 girls under the age of 18 have been married

Each year, 12 million girls are married before the age of 18

That is 23 girls every minute

Nearly 1 every 2 seconds




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