Child Marriage in Egypt: Understanding the Shocking Reality

Child Marriage in Egypt: Understanding the Shocking Reality


Child marriage is a global phenomenon that affects millions of children, particularly girls, in various countries around the world. This deeply rooted practice is the result of several complex factors such as poverty, lack of education, cultural traditions, and gender inequality. Among the countries where child marriage is prevalent, Egypt stands out as a nation with an alarmingly high rate of child marriages. In this article, we will delve into the shocking reality of child marriage in Egypt, exploring its causes, consequences, and the efforts being made to combat this harmful practice.

Understanding the Prevalence of Child Marriage in Egypt:

Child marriage is a deeply ingrained practice in Egyptian society, with roots in both cultural and economic factors. According to a 2018 UNICEF report, nearly 24% of Egyptian girls were married before the age of 18, and 7% were married before they turned 15. These statistics reveal the extent of the problem and highlight the urgent need for action.

Causes of Child Marriage in Egypt:

Poverty and economic factors play a significant role in perpetuating child marriage in Egypt. Many families see marrying their daughters off at an early age as a means of reducing their financial burden. By marrying off their daughters, families hope to secure economic support from the groom’s family and alleviate financial strains. Moreover, entrenched gender inequality and traditional gender roles impact girls’ education and employment opportunities, making them more vulnerable to child marriage.

Cultural and Traditional Influences:

Egyptian society is deeply rooted in cultural traditions that perpetuate the practice of child marriage. Traditional gender roles often prioritize girls’ marriage and childbearing over education and personal development. Additionally, some cultural practices, such as the belief that marrying daughters at a young age ensures their virginity and preserves family honor, contribute to the prevalence of child marriage in Egypt.

Consequences of Child Marriage:

Child marriage has severe consequences for the physical, psychological, and social well-being of girls. These consequences manifest in various forms, including limited access to education, early pregnancy, economic dependence, domestic violence, and increased vulnerability to sexually transmitted infections. Girls who marry at an early age are often forced to drop out of school, preventing them from gaining essential skills and perpetuating the cycle of poverty.

Efforts to Combat Child Marriage:

Recognizing the grave consequences of child marriage, both the Egyptian government and various non-governmental organizations are working to eliminate this harmful practice. The Egyptian government passed a law in 2008 to raise the minimum legal age for marriage to 18 years for both genders. However, enforcement and awareness of this law remain a challenge. NGOs and human rights organizations are also actively involved in raising awareness, advocating for legal reforms, and providing support to victims of child marriage.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

1. How does child marriage affect education in Egypt?

Child marriage has a significant impact on girls’ education in Egypt. Many girls are forced to drop out of school due to the societal expectations placed upon them once they are married. This limited access to education further perpetuates the cycle of poverty and restricts future opportunities for girls.

2. Can child marriage be justified on cultural or religious grounds?

While child marriage might be justified on cultural or religious grounds in some communities, it is important to recognize that it violates the rights and well-being of children. Cultural and religious beliefs should not supersede the universal principles of human rights and the protection of children.

3. What initiatives are being taken to address child marriage in Egypt?

Efforts to combat child marriage in Egypt include legislative reforms, awareness campaigns, and support services for victims. NGOs and human rights organizations are actively involved in raising awareness, advocating for policy changes, and providing assistance to girls who have experienced child marriage.

4. How can individuals help address the issue of child marriage in Egypt?

Individuals can help address child marriage in Egypt by supporting and volunteering with organizations working against child marriage. Educating oneself and others about the issue, raising awareness, and getting involved in advocacy efforts are other impactful ways to make a difference.


Child marriage remains a serious problem in Egypt, impacting thousands of girls every year. Poverty, gender inequality, and cultural practices contribute to its prevalence, with severe consequences for the physical, psychological, and social well-being of girls. While progress has been made through legislative reforms and awareness campaigns, there is still a long way to go to eliminate this harmful practice entirely. Efforts must continue at both the grassroots and policy levels to create a society where every girl can flourish and fulfill her potential.

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